Fighting with computers

Computers are not always friendly.

Tuesday, July 28, 2015

Minimizing tool air-time

For a CAM software I wrote, intended for milling foam sheets, I needed a way to improve machining time, so once the feed rates are raised to the limit, the next step is to reduce any wasted time.

On an initial approach, our tool was finishing parts one after the other, so there was a bit of the tool going back and forth within the same part. While it may seem the whole problem is like a big TSP (travelling salesman problem) and the way to optimize the used time is to connect all the dots with the shortest possible path, it is not exactly so.

On a milling operation, the tool path has been carefully calculated so it will remove the proper amount of material by following a certain path. Changing such a path will alter the finish of the part and we do not want to go there.

So what we really have is something like two different sets of movements, one that corresponds to the actual cutting operations and a second one that moves the tool over the air to start a new cutting operation. It is that latter set of movements that can be approached as a TSP without affecting the quality of the CAM output.

Many CAM operations require removing material as a sequence of steps or layers, the order of each layer needs to be preserved as explained here.

But I am lucky our process just go straight to the finishing pass as the tool can machine the whole stock depth in just a single pass (don't try this at home).

So what I have done is to rearrange the different movements between each milling pass so the total distance is minimized (though I am just using the simple 2-opt heuristic that most likely won't lead to the best solution but to an acceptable one).

I have got the idea from the StippleGen2 software I downloaded from Evil Mad Scientist Laboratories blog.

The lines in red correspond to the actual milling operations and are not changed and the grey lines represent the ones that we are trying to minimize but carefully rearranging them.